How to Customize Your WordPress Theme

Need a custom WordPress theme? Maybe you’ve just launched your personal website, but the default WordPress theme isn’t getting you excited.


Fortunately, WordPress offers a variety of options to help you modify and design the theme of your website to your liking. We’ll show you how to get started.


Step 1: Change the default theme

Currently, the basic WordPress installation comes with the Twenty Twelve theme set by default. But as you may have noticed, the default theme doesn’t have all the bells and whistles you want on a website. Sure, it loads quickly and delivers what you want, but you also want your site to look good.

Therefore, you should consider replacing the default WordPress theme with something more customizable. Some good examples are GeneratePress, Astra, OceanWP, Kadence WP, etc.

To do this, log into your website’s WordPress dashboard and select appearance from the left sidebar.Then, switch to theme section and click add new Install a new theme. WordPress will provide a directory of the most popular and newest themes. You can choose one from this list or manually enter the name of the theme you want to install in the search field.

Either way, when you see a topic entry, hover over the topic entry and click Install. then click enable Apply the theme to a live website. Many WordPress themes look great out of the box, and in some cases you may even need to customize the basic site layout yourself.

Step 2: Modify some common site variables

Once you have a theme you like installed, the next step is to set some basic variables that affect your entire website, such as your website name, tagline, and logo.go to appearance section and click custom made Open the WordPress Customizer. Here you will find settings to modify the structure, design and typography of your website.

Note that the options tabs mentioned below may vary depending on the theme you have installed, but most features will appear in the customizer, just under different tabs. So be sure to use these options before making any actual changes to your website.

First, go to Site ID section and enter your website’s name and tagline. Then, create two different logos for your website: a header logo and a favicon. WordPress will specify the recommended dimensions for the favicon; you just need to create the image and upload it to the gallery. The rest is easy!

You also have the option to hide the website name and tagline if you’re uploading a custom logo.

Then, go ahead and modify the site layout by switching to layout part. Here you can change the main container width, header alignment, navigation menu, sidebar, and more.

It is recommended that you create header and footer menus at this time – use menu Sections – so you can focus on the design side only later on.

Step 3: Proceed to More Advanced Styles

Now that the basics are out of the way, you have the basic structure of how your website will look. Don’t worry if it doesn’t look good yet.go to color section and choose primary colors for your website. You can use an online website to generate a color palette for your brand.

Then, switch to typesetting section and add any fonts you wish to use on your website.After choosing a clean and readable font, continue small parts. You can add tons of widgets to your website: search field, recent comments, related articles, gallery, custom HTML code, text display, etc.

Choose where you want the widget to appear, then simply add one using the WordPress block widget feature.

Step 4: Customize your WordPress theme with custom code

One of WordPress’ many features is its ability to handle custom code. You can add code on WordPress and it will reflect the changes without breaking anything. The only gain? You need to be proficient in CSS to style HTML, and PHP to change default WordPress functionality.

To add custom CSS to your website, go to Additional CSS Sections in the WordPress Customizer. Here, you can use the class and ID to select and set your favorite HTML elements. To obtain element identifiers for HTML entities, use the browser developer tools provided by Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox.

Also, to customize the functionality of your theme, go to your WordPress dashboard and select appearance from the left sidebar.under Theme file editoryou will find a list of all theme files and the editors available to modify them.

You can change anything from how posts are displayed on category pages to how comments are displayed and filtered by editing the PHP file.

Step 5: Create a child theme to save custom settings

Your customizations will make your website look beautiful. But only until the developer releases a theme update. After you upgrade your WordPress theme, your changes to the theme will be lost. To solve this problem, you can create a child theme from your main WordPress theme.

Child themes inherit the style, appearance, and functionality of the parent theme and allow you to add customizations on top of it. This way, whenever there is a new update to the main theme, you can be sure that the update will only affect the parent theme and your customizations will remain the same.

Bonus Tip: Use a Page Builder or Template to Design Your Website

If you don’t want to spend time generating a branding palette and customizing every aspect of your website, consider using a pre-built template. Disclaimer: Not all WordPress themes provide templates for their users for free, but many do.

So, if you are pressed for time and need to quickly create a personal or business website, install a theme that comes with different templates to choose from.

Here’s what the demo site looks like after applying the template via GeneratePress:

Even better, you can use page builders that allow you to create custom pages using drag and drop tools. You can also edit and create custom headers and footers with such tools.

WordPress page builders like Elementor and Divi are a lifesaver for those with no experience in front-end technology who just need a quick way to create beautiful websites powered by WordPress without coding.

Build Professional Websites with WordPress

Launching a website takes time. You need to buy a domain name and set up hosting before you can come up with a brand name.

As of now, there are nearly 1.7 billion websites on the Internet and it’s increasing every day. Therefore, it is important to choose a unique domain name that will help your brand stand out.

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